Welcome to Egypt
A timeless journey awaits
Home to one of the oldest and most influential civilisations ever known, there are few countries on Earth as rich in history, culture and epic archaeological sites as Egypt. Some of the world’s greatest treasures and iconic ancient sights can be found here, including the Pyramids of Giza and the temples of Abu Simbel. Tourists have journeyed to this fascinating land for centuries, eager to witness them firsthand. Cruising down the Nile, the longest river in the world, is an unforgettable way to explore monuments and temples all the way from the must-see city of Luxor to the Nubian city of Aswan.
In the north of the country there’s the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria; El Alamein, the site of the famous Second World War battle; the fertile Nile Delta; the chaotic, cosmopolitan capital of Cairo; and the Suez Canal. The natural wonders of the Red Sea coast are also legendary. Here you can go scuba diving in some of the world’s most pristine coral reefs and relax in glam resorts at the south end of the Sinai Peninsula.
This extraordinary country of cultural, historical and natural wonders is a place like no other.
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Egypt at a glance
Sitting in the northeast corner of Africa, Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean in the north and the Red Sea in the east. With a total area of just over one million square kilometres, it’s roughly twice the size of Spain and shares land borders with Sudan, Libya, Israel and the Gaza Strip. It also includes the Sinai Peninsula, which is actually located in Asia.
Civilisation has flourished – and continually changed – in Egypt for more than 5,000 years. Today, Egypt has a population of around 95 million people. The official language is Modern Standard Arabic, but the major spoken language is Egyptian Arabic, while lots of people also speak English and/or French.
Different regions experience different weather patterns, but Egypt has an arid desert climate and in general is hot and sunny all year round. Summers (June to August) can be sweltering while winters (November to January) are much milder, although temperatures can fall below 10C at night. There’s very little rain in any season. The most pleasant time to travel is probably October to April.
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