Weather & climate
Tanzania’s climate is predominantly tropical, with the the hottest months from October to February. Generally, the long rains or masika fall from late February to early May, while the short rains or mvuli fall from November to January. The coolest months are June to August, when the nights and early mornings can be cold. In high-altitude areas such as Kilimanjaro, temperatures can fall below freezing. Coastal areas are hot and humid, with an average daytime temperature of 30C, but sea breezes make the climate very pleasant here from June to September.
Passports & visas
You will need a current passport with two blank pages and six months’ validity from the date you return home. You’ll also need a return air ticket and a tourist visa. Visas can be obtained in advance online here: https://eservices.immigration.go.tz/visa. Alternatively you can get a visa on arrival, however this is long process, taking in excess of two hours.
Consult your GP or a travel doctor at least six weeks before you travel. You may be required or recommended to get vaccinations for yellow fever, typhoid and hepatitis A & B, among others. Malaria is present in Tanzania so malaria prophylactics are recommended. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for anyone entering Tanzania from Kenya, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Uganda, Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola and South America. You may be denied entry into Tanzania if you don’t have this proof of vaccination, so please carry your certificate with you and present to immigration.
Tanzania has two international airports, in Kilimanjaro and Dar es Salaam. There are also domestic airports and airfields that connect major towns and safari destinations. Depending on your arrival time, you may need to spend a night in Arusha, located about 90 minutes from Kilimanjaro International Airport.
Most of our Tanzania itineraries involve light aircraft flights between places because of unreliable road conditions. Driving from place to place is possible with one of our private guides and a 4×4 vehicle, but keep in mind road conditions can slow you down.
Currency & language
The local currency is the Tanzanian shilling, and the US dollar is also accepted at many places. Credit cards are also accepted in cities and city hotels, but not in most safari camps. Swahili and English are the two official languages in Tanzania.